How to Beat the House Edge in Blackjack


Blackjack is one of the most popular casino card games in the world. It is played by placing bets against the dealer and aiming to beat the dealer with a hand of 21 or better. There are many rules variations that affect the game, but basic strategy allows players to get an edge over the house. While the game is primarily a casino game, it has also become an online game with increased popularity.

If a player’s opening two cards are an Ace and a Face or 10 card, the hand is called a blackjack (also known as a ‘natural’). This hand is valued at 21 and the player automatically wins 3:2 as long as the dealer does not have a blackjack. If the dealer does have a blackjack, all bets are pushes and no winnings are returned.

A player may choose to double down, split or surrender and they can also place a side bet or insurance bet. All of these options are covered in other articles in this series and each can be used to increase a player’s chances of winning. A side bet is a wager placed in addition to the main bet and is normally on the same betting area as the dealer’s cards. Insurance is a similar bet that pays out 2:1 if the dealer has blackjack and is not covered by a player’s Blackjack.

The house edge in blackjack is usually half of one percent, and the game can be beaten with careful play and card counting. The advantage of the house is much smaller if players stick to the basic strategy and avoid making unnecessary side bets. The game is easy to understand and can be learned quickly, but it requires dedication and determination to succeed.

There are several different strategies that can be employed to give a player an advantage over the dealer, but most of them require an advanced level of math and memory skills. The best technique is to count cards and look for patterns that can help predict which cards the dealer will have. This method is time consuming, but can significantly improve a player’s odds of winning.

Some blackjack tables will pay out blackjacks at a lower rate than the standard 3:2 and this can reduce a player’s overall odds of winning. The best strategy is to find a table that will pay out blackjacks at the standard 3:2 rate and avoid tables that offer a 6:5 payout for the game.

There are a number of different blackjack side bets that can be made, including the classic bet on the dealer having a pair or a straight. Other side bets are available on the strength of a particular hand, predicting that the dealer will bust or that a player will have a blackjack. Some of these bets are based on probability theory and others simply involve guesswork. Many blackjack players will make these bets in addition to their normal main bets.